What is Microcephaly?
micro=small | cephaly=head
Microcephaly (my-kroh-SEF-uh-lee) is a rare neurological condition in which an infant’s head is significantly smaller than the heads of other children of the same age and sex. Sometimes detected at birth, microcephaly usually is the result of the brain developing abnormally prior to birth.
What is the prognosis?
In general, life expectancy for individuals with microcephaly is reduced and the prognosis for normal brain function is poor. The prognosis varies depending on the presence of associated abnormalities.
What is the treatment?
There is no cure for Microcephaly. Generally there’s no treatment, but early intervention with supportive therapies, such as speech, occupational therapies and other neurological therapies, may help enhance the child’s development and improve quality of life.
What is the cause?
Microcephaly usually is the result of abnormal brain development, which can occur in the womb (congenital) or during infancy. Microcephaly may be genetic.